South Africa Turf Disease Guide - Take-all Patch

Disease and Insect Control
South Africa Turf Disease Guide - Take-all Patch

Causal Agent:

Gaeumannomyces graminis var. avenae

Susceptible Turfgrass:

Colonial Bentgrass, Creeping Bentgrass, Ultra-Dwarf Bermudagrass


Take-all Patch symptoms initially appear as small, circular reddish-brown spot patches. Symptoms will progress to wilted, circular patches that are brown or bronze-coloured and can measure up to several feet in diameter. Symptoms are most evident during periods of stress induced by hot, dry weather. Infected plants have dark-brown roots.

Conditions Favouring Disease:

Take-all Patch is most common on newly established turf and severity decreases as the turf stand matures. It will occur on sites that have light textured soils, low organic matter content, manganese deficiency, and pH above 6.5. Take-all Patch occurs when soil temperatures reach between 4°C – 15°C. Take-all Patch typically occurs in cool, wet conditions and in areas with a high soil pH – most severe at pH 6.5 or above. This disease is more severe on less fertile and sandy soil.

South Africa Turf Disease Guide - Take-all Patch

Integrated Turf Management Tips:

  1. Use acidifying fertilizers
  2. Apply moderate to high levels of phosphorus, potash, and minor elements where these nutrients are depleted from the soil
  3. Improve the drainage of the turf
  4. Reduce thatch
  5. Improve drainage
  6. Apply penetrant fungicides in the early Spring after the first mowing and in the late Summer or Autumn.

Just tap the links below to read about other turf diseases. Or download the full free guide at the bottom.

  1. Anthracnose
  2. Brown Patch 
  3. Brown Ring Patch (Waitea Patch) 
  4. Dollar Spot 
  5. Fairy Ring 
  6. Superficial Fairy Ring 
  7. Grey Leaf Spot 
  8. Large Patch 
  9. Microdochium Patch 
  10. Powdery Mildew 
  11. Pythium Blight 
  12. Pythium Root Rot (Root Dysfunction) 
  13. Red Thread 
  14. Rhizoctonia Zeae (Rhizoctonia leaf and sheath spot) 
  15. Rusts: Crown, Leaf and Stem 
  16. Spring Dead Spot 
  17. Summer Patch 
  18. Take-all Patch  and
  19. Take-all Root Rot 

If you would like to have a complete copy with all the turf diseases, you can download it on the link below.

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Download the full guide here (14.41 MB).